|The transmitted radio wave signals from Masts at microwave frequencies are NOT safe, and
the (independent) scientific proof does exist of this. The evidence is becoming irrefutable. When
considering any view expressed to the contrary it should be remember that Government and Industry Scientists are
biased with huge financial gains dependent upon safe results. There is a growing view that such biased
views are not to be trusted.
Introduction to Summary of INDEPENDENT Research
Below is a summary of Independent Research into Mobile Telephone Masts that we have put together from various
independent sources, with references, which you will find very informative.
Like many people, we never realised the full extent of the health issues around Mobile Telephone Masts, nor
the official wall of silence that exists, until circumstances led us to spend a large amount of time and effort
looking into the whole issue. We were shocked, and we expect you will be too.
It is only by assessing independent, good quality information that you or we can make up our own minds about
the Mobile Telephone Mast issue. This document hopes to give you a summary. Please read it.
To introduce this and to aid your understanding:
Government and Telecommunication Companies quote the ‘ICNIRP Guidelines’ as assurances of safety for any
mast/s saying, 'The mast has an ICNIRP [safety] Certificate' or, 'The mast's emissions fall well below the
ICNIRP Guidelines', etc.
However, the ICNIRP Guidelines ONLY cover the Thermal (i.e. heating) effects of Mobile Telephone Mast
emissions. Hence all that an ICNIRP certificate means is that the mast won’t cook you!
When the guidelines were made in 1998 it was generally thought that the only effects of the Mobile Telephone
Mast emissions would be thermal, hence the ICNIRP Guidelines as they currently stand.
However, it is now widely accepted that NON-Thermal effects do occur but, vitally and to our minds,
negligently, these guidelines have NOT been updated to include NON-Thermal effects.
The Thermal (heating) effects are accepted to be negligible - however, NON-Thermal effects are now known to
affect the make-up of our bodies and how our bodies work, posing real risks to our health and to our lives.
This summary details some of the NON-Thermal effects.
From studying independent research it is clear that, although the ICNIRP Guidelines are always quoted to
assure the public of the safety of a Mobile Telephone Mast, these assurances are completely FALSE since the
ICNIRP Guidelines DO NOT PROTECT US against the NON-Thermal effects, which are being negligently and
Many people believe that the reason that the ICNIRP Guidelines have not been updated with guidelines for
NON-Thermal effects is because there is still no “dose-response equation” for no risk (or acceptable
risk). Dr. Neil Cherry  said, the safe level for microwaves is nil . Additionally, the ICNIRP
Guidelines ignore long-term low-level exposure to microwaves.
What are the Non-Thermal Effects detailed in the research?
Here are some examples:
DNA damage potentially leading to cancers such as Breast cancer
and Testicular cancer,
Signal pulsing, similar to rapidly flashing lights, causing or
- Reduction in Melatonin levels - and increase in nitric oxide
(NO) levels - resulting in: reduced cancer fighting cells in our bodies, sleeping disorders, increased
cholesterol levels leading to greater risk of atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease, increased blood
pressure giving greater risk of blood clots and strokes. Also increasing chances of serious disorders
such as Alzheimer’s disease, Lou Gehrig’s disease, Multiple Sclerosis and Parkinson’s,
Tinnitus and Hearing problems, Headaches, Reduced drug
These effects are increasingly being found to occur in reality within the population at large who are exposed
to Mobile Telephone Mast radiation. Many German and European doctors (equivalent to our GPs) are so
concerned that they have signed up to the “Freiburger Appeal” to demand that health concerns over Mobile
Telephone Masts are taken seriously. Other similar appeals exist across Europe  . The Doctors note many
symptoms increasingly seen by them in the vicinity of Mobile Telephone Masts.
Learning, concentration, and behavioural
disorders (e.g. attention deficit disorder, ADD),
Extreme fluctuations in blood pressure, ever
harder to influence with medications,
Heart rhythm disorders,
Heart attacks and strokes among an
increasingly younger population,
Brain-degenerative diseases (e.g. Alzheimer‘s)
and Epilepsy ,
Cancerous afflictions: leukemia, brain
Sleeplessness, daytime sleepiness,
Susceptibility to infection,
Nervous and connective tissue pains, for
which the usual causes do not explain even the most conspicuous symptoms.
Additionally we have found multiple examples of the following to add to the above list:-
Government and the Telecommunication Industry would prefer you to read and hear about their scientists’ ‘research’
- but with their huge financial gains reliant on ‘safe results’ can you blame anyone for being sceptical
about how trustworthy their research actually is?
Please read our summary of INDEPENDENT scientific research that, we believe, the government and the industry
are trying to suppress. This research is carried out by independent scientists whose careers are often put
at risk because they dare to question the safety of these Mobile Telephone Masts and oppose the government view
by saying that these masts may well cause much harm to people.
The reality of such a risk to public health is not yet officially recognised, however, and those who dare to
depart from the ‘official’ line, by warning of potential dangers to human health posed by non-thermal
influences of the radiation used in mobile telephony, are subject to immediate criticism and derision –
particularly by those with a vested interest in maintaining the growth of mobile telephony. A good example
of this is the ferocious attack by the committee of COST281 on my report for the EU Parliament (commissioned by
STOA).’- Dr G J Hyland, in his December 2003 Paper, “The inadequacy of the ICNIRP Guidelines governing human
exposure to the microwave emissions of GSM/TETRA Base-stations.” 
Current INDEPENDENT Scientific Research That Proves Mobile Phone Masts Are NOT Safe
All of the Examples Below are Non-Thermal Effects from Mobile Telephone Mast emissions that are not covered
by the UK Government / ICNIRP Guidelines. (See Point 7 below).
1. Genetic Damage in Blood Cells and Other Cells
Drs Ray Tice and Graham Hook found human blood cell changes following exposure to four different types of
cell phone signals. Genetic damage was seen in the form of micronuclei present in blood cells exposed to
mobile phone radiation.  Also seen with Dr.Lai and Singh 
A recent 4-year EU-backed study by twelve partners in seven countries, EU Reflex, repeatedly showed irrefutable
evidence of mobile phone emissions, at levels within ICNIRP, and hence UK, guidelines, causing double-strand DNA
breaks of the sort that lead to cancer. 
Many environmental factors, including sunlight, cause DNA strands to break. However, it is the amount and
type of DNA breaks that occur that may or may not lead to cell mutations and therefore cancer. It is
possible for the cell to make mistakes when repairing single-strand breaks, but the likelihood of serious
mistakes (mutations) increases substantially with double-strand breaks - the type seen from exposure to mobile
Where this type of DNA damage occurs in the blood cancers such as Breast cancer and Testicular cancer can
It has been reported that, in Paris, Orange dismantled a Mobile Telephone Mast that it had placed on a school's
roof after 8 school children contracted cancer. This surely is quite damning - indicating that the
industry/company knows that these Mobile Telephone Masts DO or MAY WELL cause ill health - why else would they
dismantle their mast from the school?
2. Electrical Hypersensitivity (EHS), Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Sleep Disorders etc.
The most commonly reported adverse effect of Mobile Telephone Mast radiation, is EHS. The symptoms are
wide ranging, including headaches and nausea, dizziness, recurrent nosebleeds, skin irritations and rashes,
sleep disorders, hearing problems, high blood pressure, fatigue, irritability and depression. Some people
with epilepsy report increased incidence of seizures, people with chronic fatigue syndrome and multiple
sclerosis report increased debilitation, as do those with or developing fibromyalgia. Further down the
time line, reports of localised clusters of thyroid problems, motor neurone disease and cancers require full and
proper investigation. Where such studies have been made, especially with regard to cancer, the correlation
with Mobile Telephone Mast emissions is strong enough now to warrant more formal verification.
The common cause of the above effects is the increase in the production of nitric oxide – triggered by Mobile
Telephone Mast Radiation.  and 
Nitric oxide is a dilator of blood vessels and a regulator of dream sleep. It also affects the blood-brain
barrier and prevents the body's normal formation of melatonin from serotonin. Several studies have noted
the reduction in Melatonin levels when the body is subjected to Mobile Telephone Mast radiation .
A knock-on effect is the overproduction of peroxynitrite, which is toxic at a cellular level. This leads
directly to Motor Neuron Disease (MND) and Lou Gehrig’s disease (ALS).
Such is the broad role of nitric oxide in the body, that disturbance of its production creates an avalanche of
negative effects. Many “modern” trends in disorders from Multiple Sclerosis to Autism and ADHD, Alzheimer’s
to Motor Neuron Disease may stem directly from the over-production of nitric oxide. That Mobile Telephone
Mast radiation has been shown to alter the production of nitic oxide in living beings is therefore a significant
and serious factor in the evaluation of current and growing environmental levels. It is the long-term low
level exposure that is predicted as creating cumulative effects and long-latency illness.
3. Weakening of the Blood-Brain Barrier
Many laboratory studies, such as , have looked at the effect of pulsed microwave radiation on animals,
revealing a wide range of biological changes to tissue structure or function such as the opening of the Blood
Brain Barrier, allowing the protein albumen, amongst other substances, to enter the brain, and raising questions
about, for example, Multiple Sclerosis and Alzheimer’s, which are linked to proteins being found in the
brain. Similarly, the weakening of the Blood Brain Barrier allows toxins in the bloodstream to pass into
brain cells, leading to headaches and nausea (as commonly observed around Mobile Telephone Masts) - and,
potentially, large-scale brain damage in the longer term.
4. Increased Incidence of Epilepsy
When noting the reports of an increased number of seizures in some epileptic children when exposed to the
emissions of Mobile Telephone Mast radiation, it should be remembered that exposure to a light (such as that
from a stroboscope) flashing at a rate somewhere between 15-20 times per second (Hz) can provoke seizures in the
5% minority of epileptics who suffer from photosensitive epilepsy.
Visible light and microwaves are both different kinds of electromagnetic radiation, and the microwave radiation
used in GSM mobile phone telephony similarly ‘flashes’ (pulses) – in the case of TETRA at 17.6Hz, which is
within the 15-20 times per second (Hz) range  and is a rate that the brain is able to recognise. Also,
unlike visible light, pulsed microwaves are not reliant on the eye and optic nerve to access the brain, since
they can penetrate the skull directly, leading to epilepsy risk from Mobile Telephone Mast radiation.
A familiar piece of misinformation quoted by mobile phone operators is that the emissions of a Mobile Telephone
Mast are comparable to that of only a 60W light bulb, and thus equally harmless. Quite apart from the fact
that the light from a 60W light bulb can be harmful to a person with photo-sensitive epilepsy, if it is flashed
at an appropriate rate, the comparison is solely based on intensities and neglects three important points:-
1. The fact that more than one carrier signal is usually transmitted from the mast. Thus, the figure
of 60W must be multiplied by the number of carriers that are actually transmitted in any particular case; in
order to minimise inter-carrier interference, however, this number is restricted typically to 4 at the most, so
the total output wattage can be a high as 240W.
2. Beams from the mast, however, are not emitted uniformly in all directions (as happens with light from a
light-bulb), but are instead concentrated in specific directions, the degree of directional focusing being
quantified through the so-called ‘gain’ (G) of the antenna, even omni-directional types, typical values of
which, in the case of GSM, range from about 40 to 60. If we use an optimistic figure of 30 the so-called
‘effective isotropic radiated power (EIRP), given by the multiplying Power by Gain – is 1800W, which is
further increased to 7.2kW if 4 carriers are transmitted – a value that is 120 times higher than the 60W
quoted! The maximum EIRP value permitted by law is 1500W per carrier, whilst the maximum number of carrier
signals is 16 (at 1800MHz) and 10 (at 900MHz); in practice, however, the number of carriers is usually
restricted to 4 at the most, for the reason mentioned above.
3. The comparison neglects the all important frequency dimension, in particular the difference in the
frequency that characterises the visible light from the light bulb from that which defines the radiation to be
(invisible) microwave radiation. For whilst the output from such a bulb is, during the day, completely
negligible in comparison with visible light of natural origin – i.e. that from the Sun – this is not so in
the case of the microwave radiation emitted by a Mobile Telephone Mast day and night, which, several hundred of
metres away, is typically 100 million million (1013) times higher than the microwave radiation that is emitted
by the Sun at the same frequency. Accordingly, the emissions of Mobile Telephone Masts have caused an
enormous (and relatively sudden) alteration in the natural environment (at this frequency) from that in which
life on Earth has, over a very much longer time, evolved. The impact of this altered environment on
biology is further enhanced by the high coherence of the mobile phone radiation. 
5. Naila: 10-year Study of Residents near Mobile Telephone Mast Proves Cancer Link
Following a call by Wolfram König, President of the Bundesamt für Strahlenschutz (Federal Agency for
Radiation Protection), to all doctors of medicine to actively collaborate in the assessment of the risk posed by
Mobile Telephone Mast radiation, the aim of this study was to examine whether people living close to Mobile
Telephone Masts were exposed to an increased risk of becoming ill with malignant tumors (i.e. cancer). 
The basis of the data used for the survey were PC files of the case histories of patients between the years 1994
and 2004. While adhering to data protection, the personal data of almost 1,000 patients was evaluated for
this study, which was completed without any external financial support. It is intended to continue the project
in the form of a register.
The result of the study shows that the proportion of newly diagnosed cancer cases was significantly higher among
those patients who had lived for the past ten years at a distance of up to 400 metres from the Mobile Telephone
Mast, which has been in operation since 1993, compared to those patients living further away, and that the
patients fell ill on average 8 years earlier .
In the years 1999-2004, i.e. after five years’ operation of the transmitter installation, the relative risk of
getting cancer had trebled for the residents of the area in the proximity of the installation compared to the
inhabitants of Naila outside the area.
(N.B. Naila is a town halfway between Berlin and Munich, near the German border with the Czech Republic)
Previously, Santini and Santini (2001) and Santini et al (2002)  surveyed people living up to 300m from
Mobile Telephone Masts. There was a statistical match between distance from Mobile Telephone Masts and
health problems: tiredness up to 300m; headache, sleep disruption, ‘discomfort’ up to 200m; depression,
memory loss, dizziness, visual disturbances up to 100m. Women were more susceptible than men.
6. International Medical Appeals: Freiburger, IDEA, Lichtenfelser, Hofer, Bamberger, Helsinki
In the Freiburger Appeal , initially 50 doctors in Germany reported reduced therapeutic efficiency of
prescribed drugs correlated with the use of pulsed microwaves, such as those from Mobile Telephone Masts. Some
40,000 signatories have now supported the appeal, including 1,200 doctors. Alongside the Freiburger Appeal
there are now similar appeals from Lichtenfelser, Hofer, Bamberger and Helsinki.
In the Irish Republic, the IDEA group of Doctors has its own reports relating to Mobile Telephone Masts 
which confirm the findings of the Freiburger Appeal doctors.
7. Inadequacy of the ICNIRP Guidelines
The Government tell us “If a proposed mobile phone base station meets the ICNIRP guidelines for public
exposure it should not be necessary for a local planning authority, in processing an application for planning
permission or prior approval, to consider further the health aspects and concerns about them”.
However, the view of Dr. Hyland from Warwick University is that these regulations are completely inadequate:
“… It must thus be concluded that GSM/TETRA telecommunication technology, as currently regulated by the
ICNIRP safety guidelines, is less than safe, and constitutes a risk to public health because these guidelines
afford absolutely no protection against non-thermal biological influences exerted by the kind of radiation
emitted by the associated Base-stations.“ 
Dr. Hyland  has carried out a lot of research on Mobile Telephone Mast emissions. Relevant research
shows how the current ICNIRP Guidelines, as adopted in the UK, are woefully inadequate since they only protect
against thermal effects and, vitally, not against NON-Thermal effects, which are far more relevant.
Since it is accepted that, at the levels given off by the Mobile Telephone Masts, thermal effects on people are
negligible, ICNIRP Guidelines are therefore not protecting people at all .
The government as well as the telecommunication industry and other interested parties appear to be deliberately
ignoring the NON-Thermal effects of the radiation from Mobile Telephone Masts, claiming that there is no
research to say that Mobile Telephone Masts are not safe. This is quite untrue. There is plenty of
evidence from independent scientists that warn us of grave dangers to our health from the radiation from Mobile
It must also be noted that other countries have adopted much stricter guidelines than Britain has, and there are
moves in some European cities for much, much lower limits on Mobile Telephone Mast emissions of microwave
“ On the basis of many inter-consistent reports of adverse health effects in the vicinity of GSM
Base-stations [Mobile Telephone Masts], it must be concluded that such installations pose a real risk to the
health of people resident nearby. It is to be stressed that this conclusion is not purely personal, but is one
that is shared by many eminent scientists of international standing and medical doctors worldwide.” 
And, a warning about government and industry ignoring these health issues, and the conflict of interest between
research and revenue earning:
“… . The reality of such a risk to public health is not yet officially recognised, however, and those who
dare to depart from the ‘official’ line, by warning of potential dangers to human health posed by
non-thermal influences of the radiation used in mobile telephony, are subject to immediate criticism and
derision – particularly by those with a vested interest in maintaining the growth of mobile telephony.” 
Other Sources of Information:-
GRAM website - http://www.nomasts.org.uk
Mast Sanity – http://www.mastsanity.org
Mast Action UK – http://www.mastaction.co.uk
Powerwatch – http://www.powerwatch.org
Radiation Research – http://www.radiationresearch.org
TETRAwatch – http://www.tetrawatch.net
 Bioelectromagnetics (23, pp 113-126) Microwave News Jan/Feb 2002
 Environmental Health Perspectives Volume 112, Number 6, May 2004 Magnetic-Field-Induced DNA Strand Breaks
in Brain Cells of the Rat by Henry Lai and Narendra P. Singh http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/docs/2004/6355/abstract.html
 EU Reflex Project (REFLEX: Risk Evaluation of Potential Environmental Hazards from Low Energy
Electromagnetic Field Exposure Using Sensitive in vitro Methods) http://www.verum-foundation.de/cgi-bin/content.cgi?id=euprojekte01
 “Melatonin metabolite excretion among cellular telephone users” by Burch JB, Reif JS, Noonan CW,
Ichinose T, et al. In Int Journal Radiat Biol 2002;78:1029-1036.
“ Effects of the 1900 MHz electromagnetic field emitted from cellular phone on nocturnal melatonin secretion”
by Jarupat S, Kawabata A, Tokura H, Borkiewicz A. in Journal Physiol Anthropol 2003; 22:61-63.
 “Nerve Cell Damage in Mammalian Brain after Exposure to Microwaves from GSM Mobile Phones” by Leif G.
Salford, Arne E. Brun, Jacob L. Eberhardt, Lars Malmgren, Bertil R.R. Persson. Environmental Health
Perspectives, January 2003 (Journal of the US National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences)
 Freiburger Appeal : http://www.emrnetwork.org/news/IGUMED_english.pdf
Lichtenfelser Appeal: http://www.elektrosmognews.de/news/20050703_LichtenfelserAppell.pdf
Bamberger Appeal: http://www.milieuziektes.nl/Rapporten/Appell_AerzteBamberg230704.pdf
Hofer Appeal: http://www.elektrosmognews.de/news/20050605_hofer_appell.html
Helsinki Appeal: http://www.elektrosmognews.de/news//20050226_helsinki_erstunterzeichner.html
Letter from Bamberg to Edmund Stoiber: http://www.tetrawatch.net/links/links.php?id=stoiberlet
 Santini 2002 Parliamentary Office for Evaluation of scientific and technological alternatives.
 Journal of BioElectromagnetics (23:488495) by researchers in Chemical Engineering and Molecular Physics.
 “Effects of mobile phone emissions on human brain activity and sleep variables” by Hamblin D.L. &
Wood A.W. in Int. J. Radiat. Biol. 2002; 78(8): 659-669.
 IDEA (Irish Doctors Environmental Association): http://www.ideaireland.org/emr2005dailreport.htm
 “The inadequacy of the ICNIRP Guidelines governing human exposure to the microwave emissions of
GSM/TETRA Base-stations.” By Dr. G J Hyland http://www.radiationresearch.org/Dr_Hyland_Dec03A.pdf
 “The Influence of Being Physically Near to a Cell Phone
Transmission Mast on the Incidence of Cancer” By Horst Eger, Klaus Uwe Hagen, Birgitt Lucas, Peter Vogel,
Helmut Voit (all medical doctors). Published in Umwelt·Medizin·Gesellschaft 17,4 2004, as: ‘Einfluss der
räumlichen Nähe von Mobilfunksendeanlagen auf die Krebsinzidenz’
 Dr Neil Cherry - http://www.neilcherry.com
 Electromagnetic Radiation and Epilepsy by Andy Davidson, Tetrawatch: http://www.tetrawatch.net/papers/emr_epilepsy.pdf
 Pall ML, Satterlee JD. Elevated nitric oxide/peroxynitrite mechanism for the common etiology of multiple
chemical sensitivity, chronic fatigue syndrome and posttraumatic stress disorder. Annals of the New York
Academy of Science, 2001;933:323-329, and Pall ML. Common etiology of posttraumatic stress disorder,
fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome and multiple chemical sensitivity via elevated nitric
oxide/peroxynitrite, Medical Hypotheses, 2001;57:139-145.
 Mobil- und Kommunikationsfunk in Kooperation mit falscher Lebensweise - Wie unsere Gesundheit durch
stimulierte NO-Radikale (Stickstoffmonoxid) in Gefahr gerät http://tinyurl.com/akftw
Omega see also: