15 October 2005
Cluster of 11 cases of
breast cancer of woman in Brisbane studios of ABC
The hardest news - How Karen
Milliner reported on the cluster of cancer cases at the ABC, Brisbane, in Qweekend, 15 October 2005.
Could the ABC cases be a horrible coincidence, a statistical
aberration, or is there something sinister at play? In the air-conditioning, the water, the soil beneath
of this very significant personal account
Or maybe itís something to do
with the electromagnetic and radiofrequency (RF) fields generated by the plethora of communications equipment on
the site: the seven-metre satellite dish on the roof of the television building, the radio tower bedecked with
EVERY womanís nightmare became harsh reality at the Brisbane home
of everyoneís ABC - and returned again and again to deliver dread, suffering and, paradoxically, binding
There was no lump that she could
feel, no other physical symptoms to cause disquiet. Jo-Anne Youngleson was 31, well outside the age group
most at risk, and in top physical shape, training to run a half marathon. There was no reason for this
vibrant young journalist, whoíd worked for ABC television and radio in Brisbane for about six years, to
suspect that rogue cells in her body had multiplied out of control and turned cancerous.
But in March this year she was told
that they had. Shock, disbelief, fear: her reactions were those of women everywhere when they first hear
those chilling words: "You have breast cancer".
Yet Youngleson also considers
herself lucky: her cancer was caught early, her prognosis is excellent. And it was caught early because of
her unease at the fact that at least ten other women in as many years at the ABC TV and radio studios in the
inner-west suburb of Toowong had been diagnosed with breast cancer.
After Backhouse learned of her
cancer, Youngleson felt sufficiently concerned about her own health to have a general check-up. "I
was told not to worry about a mammogram, youíre too young, youíre not in any kind of risk factor
group." But then, in February this year, yet another woman was diagnosed: a 41-year-old TV producer.
Youngleson immediately called the
Wesley Breast Clinic to make an appointment for a mammogram, and then pleaded with her doctor "for my peace
of mind" for the necessary referral.
The mammogram revealed
calcifications, flecks of calcium like grains of salt. A biopsy confirmed cancer. "It floored
me," Youngleson says. "The doctors said to me I probably wouldnít have felt a lump or anything
for up to two years. If it wasnít for the women at work, if it wasnít for what was happening there, I
would never have gone (for a mammogram)."
Among the women were -
TV and radio journalist
Jo-Anne Youngleson (diagnosed March 2006, aged 31) who'd worked in this field for only 6 years;
Weekend TV news presenter
Lisa Backhouse (35 when diagnosed in July last year);
TV news operations assistant
Margaret Stewart (also diagnosed last year, aged 60);
Former TV and radio, now
online, journalist Nadia Farha (diagnosed 2002, aged 35);
TV news operations assistant
Dee Jenno (2001, aged 45);
Radio producer Anne Debert
(1998, aged 43);
and TV producerís assistant
Debra (who asked that her surname not be used), 34 when diagnosed in 1994.
"For weeks after," says
Backhouse of being delivered the grim news, "you wake up in the morning and the first thing you think is,
íOh my God, Iíve got cancerí. Thereís that disbelief that goes along with it. And the fear
that is so real, you can almost taste it. It stays with you."
Farha concurs. "Itís a
hard thing to get your head around. Itís such an overwhelming experience, physically and mentally.
But you fight, itís just instinctive, you do it to survive. You donít just lie down and take it and
say, íthis is the endí."
Her diagnosis, coming so soon after her producer colleagueís, sent
shockwaves through the ABC. "These were not strangers, these were friends and colleagues," says
Backhouse, who at the time had been back at work for only a few weeks after her own cancer ordeal.
"Jo had filled in for me when I was having treatment, so that was very difficult. I love my job, I
love what I do, and I wanted to get back to my life after being away and sick for such a long time. To go
back and have to relive it with close colleagues and friends was devastating for me."
TO THE lay observer itís
extraordinary: 11 predominantly young women in 11 years at the one workplace struck down by breast cancer.
Five of them sat at the production
desk in the ABCís TV newsroom, while another two at various times occupied desks close by. (The other
women worked elsewhere on the 1.5 hectare Toowong site.)
"When you talk to
friends outside of work and say, íYeah, Iím one of the 11í, the reaction is, íOh my Godí," says
Beth Newman, a professor of public
health at Queensland University of Technologyís Centre for Health Research, whose specialist interest is
breast cancer epidemiology, also finds the spate of cases extraordinary. "It is shocking and it
certainly seems like a cancer cluster," Professor Newman says.
"The incidence of breast
cancer (nationally) has been increasing one to two per cent a year for some time, but that doesnít seem to be
disproportionate to younger women. And as common as breast cancer is, the lifelong risk is one in 11, so
that means ten out of every 11 women never get breast cancer in their lives."
Could the ABC cases be a horrible coincidence,a statistical
aberration, or is there something sinister at play? In the air-conditioning, the water, the soil beneath
the buildings? Or maybe itís something to do with the electromagnetic and
radiofrequency (RF) fields generated by the plethora of communications equipment on the site: the seven-metre
satellite dish on the roof of the television building, the radio tower bedecked with antennas?
These are questions ABC staff
started asking last year when Stewart and Backhouse were diagnosed. Anxiety grew when Youngleson and her
colleagueís cancers became known this year. "Our main concern," says Youngleson, "was
that we wanted to make sure that it was a safe environment to work in."
The Media, Entertainment and Arts
Alliance,the union that represents journalists and broadcasters, sought to have ABC staff involved in
determining appropriate investigations into the workplace. "They wanted to have confidence in the
process and confidence in the outcome," says the MEAAís Queensland secretary, David Waters.
The women involved met with public
health officials, who have inspected the Toowong studios. A Queensland Health spokeswoman said details
would not be disclosed until the investigation was completed, which would be "as soon as possible".
In March, the ABC commissioned an
independent engineering company to survey the RF and electromagnetic fields in the TV newsroom and elsewhere on
the site. ABC state editor Fiona Crawford says all frequency fields were found to be within the standards
set down by the Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency.
[ TL adds:
THEN THERE'S SOMETHING WRONG WITH THE STANDARDS ]
Breast cancer information sessions
were held, and counselling was made available forall staff as part of the corporationís ongoing program.
ABC management also proposed an epidemiological survey by an occupational physician but this was put on hold
after Queensland Health began its own inquiries.
Itís unclear whether this has been classed as an official cancer
cluster. Although the broad definition used by Queensland Health and authorities worldwide appears
relatively simple - "a greater than expected number of cases of a particular disease within a group of
people, a geographical area, or a period of time" - determining a cluster involves a complicated
As to a possible link between breast cancer and exposure to
electromagnetic and RF fields, that is still a grey area for scientists. "Exposure to electromagnetic
fields is what we call a putative risk factor, a possible risk factor of breast cancer because the evidence is a
little bit uneven," says QUTís Beth Newman. "It canít be dismissed as a possibility but it
is not considered an established risk factor. Itís a tricky exposure to study, because itís
everywhere. You might assume that women in this sort of workplace might be exposed to higher levels on
average, but electromagnetic fields are everywhere, in lights at night, mobile phones, computers."
Newman says the complicated nature of breast cancer also is
problematic for researchers. "Breast cancer is not one disease, itís actually many different
diseases that all manifest as uncontrolled cell growth in the breast. We have a long list of established
risk factors for breast cancer, and we can tell you how much they increase and decrease risk on a population
basis, but once you get down to individual women you cannot say what in their life caused their breast
But Newman believes that a lack of a scientific explanation should
not always preclude action. "Even though I canít think of anything that would adequately explain
why (the ABC studios) is a toxic environment, or how it could be a toxic environment, I think it is perfectly
reasonable to consider addressing concerns even in the absence of evidence. We have to recognise the
limits of science and be honest about them. I think sometimes we just have to say íwe canít explain ití,
but why not err on the side of caution and take action even in the absence of evidence? Prudence over
THOSE WHO report the news
are rarely comfortable being in the spotlight themselves, as newsmakers rather than news breakers. But
seven of the ABC women agreed to talk to Qweekend about their experiences to raise awareness of breast cancer.
After Jo-Anne Younglesonís cancer
was discovered in March she had two operations, the second to remove lymph nodes under her arm, then six and a
half weeks of radiation treatment. During a follow-up mammogram another small lump was found, and later
removed. "There are times I look at myself now, and I look at my scars, and I canít believe it
actually happened," she says.
Cancer sabotaged Younglesonís
plans for this year. She and husband Paul Stone had intended to start a family; instead, she has a new job
with Channel Seven in Melbourne. She signs off her on-air reports as Jo Stone, adopting her married name
to mark this new chapter in her life. Children still figure in her plans, but theyíll have to wait for a
few years until she finishes taking the anti-cancer drug Zoladex.
"I think my case goes to show
how important early diagnosis is," she says. "You do have to keep a close eye on yourself and
listen to your body. Just make sure you donít ignore any little symptoms, any lump."
IT WAS while showering that Nadia
Farha first felt a lump in her breast, but she wasnít overly alarmed:
Lisa Backhouse did not ignore the
lump in her breast. She had it investigated on several occasions over a number of years, but each
time her concerns were allayed. Then, on July 1 last year, she was told the lump had turned cancerous.
After surgery she began a taxing six-month regimen of chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
Backhouse, now 36, joined the ABC
as a cadet when she was 19, left for a stint in commercial TV, then rejoined the public broadcaster eight years
ago. When she returned from her treatment to our TV screens early this year it was with a wig styled into
a short bob: the chemo had robbed her of her locks. But theyíve grown back more lustrous, and curlier,
than before, and she jokes that her hair requires serious taming to achieve a suitably smooth on-air style.
She has made many changes to her
life, including what she calls her "tree change", a move with husband Mark and their two boys,
Michael, 9, and Curtis, 7, from a suburban home to one that backs on to bushland on Brisbaneís outskirts.
"(Cancer) really does change
your whole perspective, your sense of self, and your sense of future. It makes you take stock and
appreciate all the blessings that you have. That, for me, is the good that has come out of it. I feel that
I live every day now."
"I thought it was probably a
benign hormonal thing that would go away." She also viewed breast cancer as an "older womenís
disease", not something likely to strike a 35-year-old.
When the lump was still there a
couple of months later, she brought it to her doctorís attention during a routine check-up. A biopsy
revealed cancer. "I shouldnít have left it that long, I should have had it checked out
sooner," she says. "I had three operations. After the first one, they had to go back and
take out the lymph nodes. The cancer had gone into one lymph node and the tests showed that the margins
werenít clear in the breast, so then they did a mastectomy, and at the time I had a (breast) reconstruction as
Farha, now 38, describes the
chemotherapy that followed as "hellish". "I lost my hair, I had to have a blood transfusion
every month because my blood cell counts would drop. I had to give myself an injection in the stomach
every day to try to keep up the white cell count. I was in hospital with infections three times."
At the time it was not for herself
that she fretted the most, it was for her children, Dominic, now 10, and Gabrielle, 7. "They didnít
cope with my hair falling out. I couldnít walk around without anything on my head at home because it
really freaked them out."
Farha joined the ABC in 1989 and
has spent most of her time at the Toowong facility in various roles in radio and TV before moving to online
about six years ago. "I donít have qualms about being here," she says, gazing across the
rooftops of the ABC buildings from the lawn near the entrance. "I donít drive in every day and
think, íOh, is this place killing me?í My prognosis is pretty good, but with breast cancer you never
know. It could come back in ten years or 20 years. You do have your moments, where you think maybe
it will come back, and what do I do if it does? But then you just put it out of your mind and get on with
Another of Jenno and Stewartís
colleagues and a close friend, Debra, a producerís assistant who joined the ABC in 1979, was 34 when her
cancer was detected. It was 1994, and she woke in the night and felt a lump in her breast. In the
morning she could not locate it but instinct warned her to get it checked. A needle biopsy after a
mammogram and an ultrasound confirmed cancer.
"I just broke down,"
Debra recalls. "It was only a couple of months after my father dying of cancer and getting my mother,
who had bowel cancer, out of the hospital." She underwent two operations and radiation
treatment. Physically she was fine but she bottled up her fears and anxiety. "No-one
spoke of breast cancer back then, and I didnít know how to talk about it," she says. "You just
felt you had to get over it and get on with it.
"But thereís a difference
between getting over it and going into denial, which is what I did. Down the track it will catch up with
you. Doesnít matter how strong you think you are. Thereís a certain process you have to go
through emotionally and psychologically to deal with it."
SEVEN YEARS ago Anne Debert was 43
- too young, she thought, to be screened for breast cancer: "Iíd always thought you should start
having mammograms at 50." It was only when she organised a morning radio interview at the Wesley
Breast Clinic for an on-air presenter that she learnt that women are advised to start mammogram screening at the
age of 40. A month later, she read in the local paper that a mobile screening clinic would be in her
neighbourhood, so made an appointment.
The mammogram picked up her
cancer. "A shock? Oh yes, huge, huge," she says. "It was, my God, if I hadnít
gone on that interview I would have left it until who knows when." The mother of four had two
operations, chemotherapy and radiation therapy, and took the anti-cancer drug Tamoxifen for five years.
"I kept working for the majority of time. I could have taken off as much time as I wanted but I found
it helped me to stay at work. Otherwise youíd sit at home feeling revolting and think about it."
Debert joined the ABC at the end of
1986 and has always worked in radio. She hadnít had a great deal of contact with some of her TV
colleagues, beyond a quick hello in the corridors, until hearing of their battles with breast cancer. She
now shares with them a desire to raise awareness.
After Dee Jenno had a small lump
removed from her breast four years ago, it was discovered that the lump itself was clear of cancer but not the
surrounding tissue. The mother of two and a news operations assistant with the ABC since 1982 had
experienced swelling and soreness in her breast a few months prior. An ultrasound and needle biopsy showed
nothing untoward, she was prescribed antibiotics and urged to return when the swelling had settled to have a
mammogram, which she did. A lump showed up on the X-ray, it was removed and the surrounding cancerous
tissue discovered. Jenno, now 49, had further surgery followed by radiation therapy.
"Iíll never forget my
daughter, who was about 14 then, saying to me, íDoes this mean Iíll get breast cancer when Iím
older?í I said to her, íI canít say yes and I canít say no but the important thing is that youíre
educated and you will be checked from an earlier ageí."
Around the time of Jennoís
diagnosis, fellow news operations assistant Margaret Stewart, then in her mid-fifties, went for a routine
mammogram. A small lump was investigated but was given the all-clear. A routine mammogram last year
revealed another lump; this one proved to be cancerous. It was removed and she underwent radiation
ALTHOUGH JO-ANNE Youngleson has a
new job in a new state, she has not lost touch with her former ABC colleagues. "These are women I worked
closely with for four or five years, and I drew strength from them," she says. "We conferred on
doctors and surgeons and on new drugs and different kinds of treatment. It was very helpful for me and Iím
very grateful for their support." She also shares with them realistic expectations about what, if anything,
Queensland Healthís investigation will uncover.
"As a journalist you look at
it and think, thereís got to be something more here. But there might not be anything more. It might just be a
horrible coincidence. I donít think weíre going to find a smoking gun because we donít know what causes
breast cancer. But if there is a link between all of us, we might be able to help researchers find a cure.
"There might be something very
small here that links us which, combined with a study done in Sweden or America or somewhere, might help solve
the puzzle. If we can help somebody in the future, itís worth it."
BREAT CANCER FACTS Age is a big factor, itís not necessarily fatal
but an unusual lump should not be ignored. One in 11 women in Australia will be diagnosed with breast
cancer before the age of 75. In 2001, 11,791 women in Australia were diagnosed. That year, 2594
women died of breast cancer, which is the biggest cause of cancer-related death in Australian women.
However, death rates are falling due to greater awareness, early detection and better treatment. The
cancer can occur at any age, although the risk increases for women as they get older. About 75 per cent of
new cases diagnosed are in women 50 years and older.
Age is the biggest risk factor; others are:
family history of breast cancer;
inherited abnormalities in genes such as BRCA1 and BRCA2;
starting menstruation before age of 12;
starting menopause after age of 55;
not having children or having a first child after age of 35;
taking combined HRT after menopause;
excess weight gain as adult;
taking oral contraceptive pill (risk occurs during period of
One or more risk factors does not mean that a woman will develop
breast cancer. Mammograms are available free for women 40 years and over through BreastScreen
Queensland: visit www.health.qld.gov.au
More information or assistance: National Breast Cancer Centre,
www.nbcc.org.au, and Cancer Council Cancer Helpline.
This is serious stuff. My appeal to you is "Take action now for
your own safety and protection. You may have to wait years before the Regulators change their outdated stance -
just like smoking, DDT, climate change, etc. They eventually get around to it but the risks from increasing
exposure to EMF radiation are here and now !!!
Take whatever measures you can to avoid succumbing to the dangers. Fortunately, people can now take measures to
avoid the risks associated with exposure to EMF (electromagnetic radiation). Let's take some meaningful
steps to make them aware of the risks and let them know that protection is now available.
Breast Cancer Action, USA has shown in its 2006 State of the Evidence
Report that there is an association between increasing exposure to EMF radiation and breast cancer. Click
link to see ..... 2006 State of the Evidence
Disturbance your body's biorhythms and depletion of your bioenergy (as I
show clearly does occur on my website) causes a lowered energetic capability. This can result in disruption to
cellular functions - at the very fundamental atomic level - and lowered immune protection. Quite simply, your
body systems are no longer able to work in the way that they would if such EMF electromagnetic field disturbance was
not imposed on you.